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[ADA2011]糖尿病教育
——Linda M. Siminerio教授专访
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作者:L.M.Siminerio 2011/6/17 17:43:00    加入收藏
内容概要:匹兹堡大学糖尿病研究所主任。其在糖尿病教育、糖尿病文化交流、儿童糖尿病的教育与管理以及糖尿病的心理和行为等领域做出了重要贡献,因此而获得了2011年ADA颁发的杰出教育者奖。

     Linda M. Siminerio  匹兹堡大学糖尿病研究所主任。其在糖尿病教育、糖尿病文化交流、儿童糖尿病的教育与管理以及糖尿病的心理和行为等领域做出了重要贡献,因此而获得了2011年ADA颁发的杰出教育者奖。

    <International Diabetes>: There is a proverb that goes “Give a man a fish and he eats for a day, but if you teach him how to fish, he eats for a lifetime”. Does that viewpoint represent how the diabetic educator should approach their patients?

  《国际糖尿病》:有句谚语是 “授人以鱼不如授人以渔”。这是否代表了糖尿病教育者应当如何对待其患者?
 

    Prof.Siminerio: I happen to think that is the way we should approach everything. Certainly I haven’t heard that analogy before but I think it is a good one because with the diabetes epidemic and the limited health care resources that we all have in every country, I think that building the foundation for self-care and self-management is absolutely critical.

    Siminerio教授:我恰巧认为这是我们对待每件事情应该采用的方法。当然,我以前没有听说过这种类比,但我认为它是一个很好的类比,因为鉴于我们每个国家都存在的糖尿病的流行和有限的医疗资源,我认为建立自我保健和自我管理的基础绝对是至关重要的。


    <International Diabetes>:  You mentioned the diabetes epidemic and in fact, as you well know, it is very prevalent in China. One of the limiting factors in China is that diabetic education lacks the qualified educators. From your US perspective, can you introduce how you would define the qualification for having good diabetic management groups that can develop diabetes educators?

   《国际糖尿病》:您提到糖尿病流行,事实上,正如您所知,它在中国非常普遍。 在中国,限制因素之一是糖尿病教育缺乏合格的教育者。从美国的角度来看,您能否介绍一下对有良好的可以培养糖尿病教育者的糖尿病管理团队您如何确定其资格?
 

    Prof.Siminerio: First of all, I want to clear up any misconceptions drawn from my experience in the United States. For many years, we believed that good education required just a transfer of knowledge – that if you gave people the information, they would automatically change and that they would improve their clinical outcomes such as glucose levels. We realized that people could do very well in gaining knowledge and improving their knowledge tests and cognitive behaviors but the fact of the matter, is that no matter how much knowledge they had, they didn’t change behaviors. I think the critical role that the diabetes educator needs experience in is helping people with behavior change. This is critically important if we want to see clinical outcomes. I believe the trajectory of diabetes education and being an educator, at least in the US but I am sure in other countries, has moved on from just giving people lots of information. What we are really doing is helping our educators understand behavior change strategies.

    Siminerio教授:首先,我想解释一下从我在美国的经历中所得的一些误解。很多年来,我们认为,良好的教育仅需要知识的传递,即如果你给人们信息,他们会自动改变且他们会改善他们的临床结果如血糖水平。我们意识到,人们在获取知识和提高其知识测试和认知行为上可以做的非常好,但事实是无论他们有多少知识,他们并没有改变行为。我认为,糖尿病教育者需要经验的关键作用是帮助人们改变行为。如果我们想要看到临床结果,这是极为重要的。我认为糖尿病教育的轨迹以及作为一个教育者,至少在美国但我相信在其他国家也是如此,已经脱离仅仅给予人们很多信息的阶段,有所前进。我们真正在做的是帮助我们的教育者理解行为改变策略。



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 延伸阅读
网站用户: 王瑞蓉 时间:2011/7/14 18:36:19
具体到如何让患者改变行为,确实不容易。

网站用户: 张玉升 时间:2011/6/30 9:55:27
知识改变命运,教育改变健康

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